When a whale dies in the middle of the ocean, this sinks into the bathyal or the abyssal zone of the ocean.
Then their carcasses naturally become localized ecosystems unlike bodies in shallow waters. If a whale dies in shallow waters, their body would be scavenged by other ocean dwellers.
This process is called a “whale fall”. Other deep-sea dwellers that have been seen around these localized ecosystems are: giant isopods, sleeper sharks, crabs, sea cucumbers, lobsters and many more. This was observed in the 1970’s by robotic exploration.
There are three stages of this ecosystem process of the whale fall. The first stage begins with the mobile scavengers where soft tissue is eaten from others like hagfish.
The second stage is when the animals colonize the bones and sediment around the carcass.
The third stage is when the break down happens in the bones but the bacteria does provide nourishment to some deep-sea dwellers including clams. This final stage can last up to 100 years.
Savants are fascinating to observe because their brains are so incredible. While completely incapable of performing some tasks, they are so incredibly amazing at doing others that it has captured worldwide attention.
Daniel Tammet is one of these savants, who claims that numbers result in an emotional result in each person. For example, he claims each positive integer up to 10,000 has it's own shape, color, and feel. The number 289 is extremely ugly, while 333 is strangely attractive. Pi he describes as beautiful. 9 is large and towering, while 25 is fun and would be invited to a party.
This may sound bizarre to most of us, but to a savant it makes perfect sense. Tammet currently holds the world record for reciting the most digits of pi at 22,514, and taking only a week per language, learned Romanian, Gaelic, Welsh, Icelandic, and six others!
While there aren’t many planets that hold sustainability for life like Earth’s thus far, the gravity within a certain four planets are quite similar to ours here on Earth.
Venus, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune all possess a level of gravity that is within 15% of Earth’s gravity level. While this technically gives them an Earth-like surface, there are other factors that make them much different from our surface.
Venus is also similar in size to Earth, which is why it is our sister planet, or “twin”. While the mass, density and volume are all less than ours, the gravity of Venus is over 90%. If you ever wanted to be skinnier without doing much work, try and take a flight to Venus and you’ll automatically weigh less. You wouldn’t make it out alive! Venus has a toxic, burning atmosphere. Therefore, not inhabitable despite it’s similar surfaces.
A planet that has a not-so-similar surface would be Jupiter. It is the biggest in our solar system, which means it has the highest amount of gravity. But if you tried standing on Jupiter’s surface, it would be like walking on a massive, unstable bed. The surface isn’t solid and you would weight 2 times more!
The Hawker Hurricane was a popular fighter jet and had a long operational life. While the fighter jet was lightweight, it was usually exported out of the country to others. They were easy to construct and maintain even though they were bulky.
In 1939, Latvia had ordered 30 of these fighter jets from Great Britain. They had even paid for them! But since the start of the Second World War that September, Latvia never received them.
The typical sizes of these hurricane fighter jets were 32 feet long and 40 feet wide at the wingspan. They could only harbor one man in each jet. Their maximum speed was 340 mph and could go 600 miles up to 36,000 feet.
Since the beginning of the Hawker Hurricanes, over 14,500 were built but only 13 today are in good enough condition to preserve. They reside in air museums around the world.
A man named Hennig Brand in 1669 was trying to make gold. He thought of the color of urine and thought that it might have gold in it because of their similar yellow colors. But boy, was he wrong!
When Hennig was trying to boil the urine, the heat due to the very high temperatures then turned the urine into phosphorus.
This was probably the weirdest way to discover an element and I bet Hennig brand didn’t think that it would be a famous element in science!
Because he didn’t want to reveal how he accidentally found phosphorus publically, he sold the idea and his workings to Johann Daniel Kraft and Kunckel Von Lowenstern.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz then thought that they could create the philosopher’s stone by producing a large amount of this phosphorus.